Gümüşhane is a city that stands out for its rich historical ruins and its natural beauty stretching across the valley on both sides of the Harşit River. Gümüşhane, which is neighboring Bayburt to the east, Giresun to the west, Trabzon to the north and Erzincan to the south, took its name from the combination of the Turkish word “gümüş” (silver) and Persian word “hane” (household) with the richness of the silver mines it has owned in its thousands of years of history.
The city was called Arjiopolis, which means silver place during the Roman period, while 17th-century Ottoman traveler Evliya Çelebi described it as Silver City. The fact that the city was on the Silk Road, which was an important trade center, in the past, has also made it an important center throughout history.
Gümüşhane, where many cultures such as Assyrians, Urartians, Medes, Persian Kingdom, Macedonians, Pontus Kingdom, Roman Empire, Umayyads and Seljuks have ruled throughout history, came under the domination of Turks in 1461 with the conquest of Mehmed the Conqueror.